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 Tanis Nilometer

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عدد الرسائل : 255
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تاريخ التسجيل : 26/11/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Tanis Nilometer   السبت ديسمبر 05, 2009 1:19 am

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Tanis - Ramesses II


Click image to see a bigger version of the image
For information about Tanis see Su Bayfield's



[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]

Click image to see a bigger version of the image

For information about Tanis see Su Bayfield's

With many thanks to Francis Lankester




[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]

Tanis, entrance
Click image to see a bigger version of the image

For information about Tanis see Su Bayfield's












most impressive site known in the Delta with a wealth of very important monuments still being uncovered.




further mummies.














Other tombs have been found at Tanis. NRT IV was the original tomb of Amenemope which contained nothing but a beautiful sarcophagus with an inscription recording the king’s name (his body and funerary cache being placed in NRT III). Shoshenq III built his own tomb (NRT V), and it was probably during his reign that the whole funerary complex was covered by a mudbrick mastaba. The burial of Shoshenq III in a sarcophagus which was originally a Dynasty XIII lintel, was presumably conducted by Shoshenq IV, whose own sarcophagus was found in the tomb alongside that of his predecessor. There are also two more unidentified tombs.
The Tanis burials, though a very important discovery, are still very muddled, and for archaeologists it has been a daunting task to try to interpret the finds. We do not know precisely when the tombs were reopened in order to change the burial places of the kings, and we are left with a confused mass of diverse objects and incomplete caches of burial goods. There seems to have been a hurried relocation of royal bodies, perhaps for security purposes, similar to what had taken place at Thebes. What they do give us is a wealth of information about the burial customs of the period and a clearer idea of the genealogy of the rulers and family and political relationships between Tanis and Thebes. The kings of Dynasty XXI liked to reuse sarcophagi or usurp older pieces from the New or Middle Kingdom periods. Their tombs were furnished with a considerable amount of equipment in the form of vessels and precious metals, shabtis and canopic jars, which perhaps could be said to demonstrate their attachment to the burial traditions of the past. The technical capabilities of the craftsmen and metalworkers probably equalled that seen in Tutankhamun’s tomb, although goods were not of the same quantity. In comparison the Tanite Dynasty XXI tombs are meagre and had a tendency to eliminate the everyday objects in preference to specific funerary and magical items. What is more likely is that the Tanis burials reveal the poverty of the northern kings, who seemed to have quantities of precious metals at their disposal but had to re-use sarcophagi and canopic jars from earlier burials.


The city of Tanis contained enormous temple structures, built largely from re-used material from Per-Rameses (which itself had re-used many older monuments) and other Delta sites. The Temple of Amun was excavated initially by Auguste Mariette, by Petrie (1883-6) then by Pierre Montet who uncovered more of the temple and a smaller temple of ‘Anta’, to the south-west of the Amun enclosure. More scientific excavations began in 1965 with a French Archaeological Mission directed by Jean Yoyotte, who worked there until 1985 when he was succeeded by P H Brissaud. The French Archaeological Mission of Tanis are still working at the site.








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